The product of an international symposium on music assessment, this compilation of 27 papers examines four key components of the symposium: 1. The purpose of assessment in music education; 2. The facilitating of assessment tools; 3. How assessment can improve teaching; and, 4. Current research priorities for assessment. Submissions by scholars, researchers, and music educators at all teaching levels make this an insightful volume in an area that is becoming increasingly important to those in the teaching profession.